Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a very common degenerative disease among the older men. According to statistics from Department of Health, more than 50% of men over age 60 and up to 90% of men over age 80 get BPH.
The prostate gland is located beneath your bladder and surrounds the urethra. Its major function is to produce prostate fluid. When the prostate enlarges, it presses down on the urethra. It can lead to difficult urination and other urinary problems. As the bladder overworked from trying to pass urine through the blockage, the bladder wall becomes thicker. Eventually, the bladder may weaken and lose the ability to empty completely.
It is believed that BPH is a normal physiological process of aging. The common symptoms include frequent need to urinate, nocturia, difficult starting urination, weak urine stream, inability to completely empty the bladder etc. And the severity of symptoms varies, but symptoms tend to gradually worsen over time. In addition to aging, family history, diabetes, heart disease and obesity are also the risk factors of BPH.
Besides, other conditions such as urinary tract infection, inflammation of the prostate, bladder or kidney stones, cancer of the prostate or bladder, can also lead to symptoms similar to those caused by BPH. If patient is having the symptoms of BPH, it is advised to seek immediate medical attention to identify any underlying causes and corresponding treatment.